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 C4 Stats
  • skip to C4 Sensor Check Information
  • Model Year
    E = 1984
    F = 1985
    G = 1986
    H = 1987
    J = 1988
    K = 1989
    L = 1990
    M = 1991
    N = 1992
    P = 1993
    R = 1994
    S = 1995
    T = 1996

    Wheel Base: 96.2"
    Track: 59.6" Front / 60.4" Rear
    Tire Size: P275/40ZR17
    Wheel Size: 17"x9.5"
    Length: 178.6"
    Width: 71"
    Heigth: 46.7
    Weight: 3288 lbs

    Trans: 4 Speed  Auto
       or 6 Speed Manual
    Brakes: 11.5" Disk
    Engines: 350ci V8 w/ 245hp
    Manual :     16 mpg / 25 mpg
    Automatic: 16 mpg / 24 mpg

    Wheel Base: 96.2"
    Track: 59.6" Front / 60.6" Rear
    Tire Size Front: P275/40ZR17 Rear: P315/35ZR17:    
    Wheel Size Front: 17"x9.5" Rear: 17"x11"
    Length: 178.6"
    Heigth: 46.8
    Weight: 3465 lbs

    Trans: 6 Speed Manual
    Brakes: 13" Front 12" Rear
    Engine: 350ci V8 w/375hp
    RPORegular Prouction Option Code Description
    ACIPassengers 6 Way Power Seat
    AC3Drivers 6 way Power Seat
    AS8Restraint System Manual
    CC3Removable Roof (Transparent - Plastic)
    CF7Removable Roof (Non-Transparent)
    C2LRemovable Roof Package (Both Tops)
    C49Defogger, Rear Window, Electronic
    C60Manually Controlled Air Conditioning
    C68Electronicically Controlled Air Conditioner
    DL8Heated Outside Mirrors
    D74Vanity Inside Visor
    FE1Suspension, Soft Ride
    FE7Suspension, Heavy Duty
    FX3Ride and Handling, Electronic
    GH0Rear Axle, 3.54 Ratio
    GM1Rear Axle, 2.59 Ratio
    GU2Rear Axle, 2.73 Ratio
    GW4Rear Axle, 3.31 Ratio
    G44Rear Axle, 3.07 Ratio
    G92Rear Axle, Performance Ratio
    JL9Brakes, Anti-Lock Front and Rear Disc
    J55Brakes, Heavy Duty
    KC4Cooler, Engine Oil
    K09Generator (Alternator), 120 Amp
    K68Generator (Alternator), 105 Amp
    NK4Steering Wheel, Sport Leather
    UJ6Indicator, Low Tire Pressure Warning
    UM6Radio, AM/FM Stereo, Seek/Scan, Auto Rev. Cassette,Clock,ETR
    UQ4Speaker System, Bose
    UU8Radio, AM/FM Stereo, Cassette, Dolby, Clock, ETR
    U19Cluster, Kilometers and Miles
    U52Cluster, Electronic
    V01Radiator, Heavy Duty
    Z51Performance Handling
    Z6ADefogger, Rear Window and Outside Mirrors
    24SRoof, Removable Blue Transparent
    64SRoof, Removable Bronze Transparent
    CC2Auxilly Hardtop (Convertible)
    K05Heater, Engine Block
    L83EFI Engine, 5.7L V8 (1984 Only)
    L98TPI Engine, 5.7L V8
    LT1TPI Engine, 5.7L V8
    LT4TPI Engine, 5.7L V8
    LT5TPI Engine, 5.7L V8
    MD8Automatic 4-speed Transmission
    ML9ZF 6-speed Manual Transmission
    MX0Automatic Transmission w/Overdrive
    MM44-speed Manual Transmission

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    C4 Sensor Check Information

    The C4 Corvette makes use of numerous sensors that feed information to the ECM/PCM (Electronic Control Module / Powertrain Control Module) and to the instruments on the dashboard.

    Even if the sensor is operated by vacuum or pressure, the output is converted into an electrical signal for processing by the ECM. Most faulty sensors will cause a trouble code to be set (resulting in a 'Check Engine/SYS ' Light) and also alter the performance of the automobile. When troubleshooting the reason for the code, the normal approach is to go straight to the sensor and assume that it is faulty. While this may be the normal practice, you are strongly cautioned that it is seldom the sensor but rather a connector, a power problem or a grounding issue that is actually causing the problem. Or, the sensor may simply be doing it's job and reporting an occurrence that is at variance with what is allowed or expected by the ECM/PCM. In any event, because the sensor really is the easiest thing to check, the following information is provided to assist you in determining if the device is operating properly.

    You will need a D-VOM (Digital Volt-Ohm Meter) to check the items below. It should have at least a10 megohms per volt rating, something that will be shown in the specifications. For those sensors listed below that have ohms listed as the measurement item, disconnect the negative battery terminal and then the sensor harness connector and measure the sensor's terminals. For voltage measurements, you can obtain test harnesses from any of the Corvette specialty catalog houses. [Before beginning your efforts, print the page so you can cross reference the code information with the sensor information.]

    SensorLocationMeasured Value
    Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor.Front of engine, below Throttle Body. 185 Ohms @ 210F, 3400 Ohms @ 68F, 7,500 Ohms @ 39 F.
    Engine Oil Temperature Sensor.Left rear of engine, just above the oil filter. 185 Ohms @ 210 F, 3400 Ohms @ 68 F, 7,500 Ohm @39 F.
    Oil Pressure Sender/Switch.Top, left hand rear of engine.1 Ohms @ 0 PSI, 43 Ohms @ 30 PSI, 86 Ohms @ 6PSI.
    Fuel Quantity Sender.Top of fuel tank, beneath filler pipe escutcheon panel. 0 Ohms @ Empty, 45 Ohms @ 1/2 Full, 90 Ohms @ Full.
    MAT (Manifold Absolute Temperature Sensor).Underside of manifold air plenum at rear. 185 Ohms @ 210 F, 3400 Ohms @ 70 F, 15,000 Ohms @ 40 F.
    Outside Temperature Sensor.Right side of engine, top right corner of radiator.4400 Ohms @ 60 F, 2200 Ohms @ 85 F.
    In Car Temp Temperature Sensor.Coupe: above left seat near interior courtesy light, Convertible: center of cargo compartment lid.4400 Ohms @ 60 F, 2200 Ohms @ 85 F.
    MAF (Mass Air Flow) Sensor.Front of engine ahead of throttle body..4 Volts @ idle, 5 Volts @ Full Throttle.
    Oxygen (O2) Sensor.Left side of engine, in exhaust pipe..1 Volt Lean Mixture, .9 Volt Rich Mixture.
    TPS (Throttle Position Sensor).Right side of throttle body at the front..54 Volts Idle, ~ 5 Volts Full Throttle.

    Assembly Line Communications Link (ALCL)
    GH J KLM
    [The ALCL is located underneath the dashdoard, just below the instrument panel and left of center console.]
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    CodeCircuit or SensorPossible Failures
    13Oxygen Sensor CircuitCheck wiring and connectors. Bad Sensor
    14Coolant Sensor Circuit (High)Check wiring, connectors, thermostat. Monitor actual engine temperature. If within limits, and wiring and connector is OK, change thermostat and or sensor.
    15Coolant Sensor Circuit (Low)See above, particularly thermostat
    16Ignition Problems (Used only on 1992-1996 models)Direct Ignition (DI) Fault
    21Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) (High) Sticking or Misadjusted TPS. Also check wiring and connectors. Adjust or replace TPS.
    22Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) (Low)Sticking or Misadjusted TPS. Also check wiring and/ connectors. Adjust or Replace TPS.
    23Intake Air Temperature (Low)Measure sensor resistance with Digital Ohm meter. Must not be 0 ohms or infinite ohms. Replace if it shows one of these readings. Check wiring and/ connector of sensor. If OK, replace sensor.
    24Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS)Only valid if vehicle moving. Check connections at ECM Check TPS setting. Possible ECM failure.
    25Intake Air Temperature (High)Measure sensor resistance with Digital Ohm meter. Must not be 0 ohms or infinite ohms. Replace if it shows one of these readings. Check wiring and connector of sensor OK.
    26Quad Driver Module Number 1Check EGR, Canister Purge and AIR pump relays with a digital Ohm meter. A resistance of less than 18 ohms indicates a bad relay. If OK, potential ECM failure.
    27Quad Driver Module Number 2Potential ECM or on a manual transmission car, potential upshift relay problem. Check relay, replace if less than 18 Ohms using a digital Ohm Meter.
    28Quad Driver Module Number 3Air conditioning Clutch relay and/or cooling fan relays. Check with digital Ohm meter, replace if less than 18 Ohms. If relays OK, potential ECM failure.
    32Exhaust Gas Recirculation CircuitThe most common cause of this code is a bad or intermittent EGR switch which is located on the EGR pipe between the exhaust manifold and the intake manifold. Replace this switch first when you get this code. Next, check electrical connections at EGR valve solenoid and then the ECM. Check all vacuum lines for leaks especially around the EGR valve. Possible ECM failure.
    33Mass Air Flow Sensor Circuit (1985-1990)Inspect intake system for leaks, Inspect for vacuum leaks, Check MAF connector and wiring, Check MAF for open using digital Ohm meter. Possible ECM failure.
    33Manifold Absolute Pressure High (1984)Check vacuum hoses. Check wiring to sensor. Change sensor. Check connections at ECM.
    34Mass Air Flow Circuit (1985-1990)Clean the throttle body. Check MAF connections. Replace MAF relay. Replace MAF Sensor. Possible ECM failure.
    34Manifold Absolute Pressure Low (1984)Check Vacuum hoses associated with MAP sensor. Check wiring and connections, particularly at ECM. Replace the sensor. Possible ECM failure.
    35Idle Air Control Circuit (IAC)Check fuel pressure, injectors, leaking throttle body. Change the IAC valve.
    36Mass Air Flow Burn Off CircuitCheck connections at MAF, MAF relay and MAF Burn off relay. Check resistance of MAF relay and MAF burnoff relay with digital Ohm meter. replace if less than 18 Ohms. Possible ECM failure.
    41Cylinder Select Error Circuit (1985-1991)Check wiring at ECM. Possible PROM failure, or incorrectly seated PROM. Reseat PROM. Possible ECM failure.
    42Electronic Spark Timing Circuit (EST)Check wiring at ignition module. Replace ignition module. Possible ECM failure.
    43Knock Sensor CircuitCheck ECM wiring. Replace knock sensor
    44Lean Exhaust PresentCheck wiring.connectors at Oxygen sensor. Check fuel pressure. Replace Oxygen sensor.
    45Rich Exhaust PresentCheck evaporative charcoal canister for smell of fuel (which normally comes from filling fuel tank to full). check fuel pressure regulator. Possible leaking fuel injector or sticking/bad EGR valve. Possible bad Oxygen sensor.
    46VATS Anti Theft Circuit FaultWith negative battery lead disconnected and using high pressure, non residue contact spray cleaner, spray into area where ignition key inserts followed by inserting and removing key several times. Check for open/short on harness from steering column VATS ignition key to ECM. Possible defective anti-theft module.
    51PROM/EEPROM ErrorFaulty or incorrect PROM in the ECM. Change PROM with correct version for automobile.
    52Oil Temperature Circuit (Low Temperature) Check connections at the oil temperature switch. If OK, replace switch.
    53System Charging Voltage High or LowIf voltage is more than 17.1 or less than 10 volts, this code will be set.Check battery leads, alternator drive belt for tightness and have electrical shop check alternator output. Voltage with engine off should be 12 volts. Voltage with engine running should be 14-15 volts. Use digital volt meter for checks and measure at the battery terminals.
    54Fuel Pump Circuit (Low Voltage)Using digital Ohm meter, check fuel pump circuits for shorts or opens.
    55Engine Running LeanThis code is set when there is not enough fuel when accelerating. A possible fuel pump failure or insufficient fuel pressure due to a fuel line restriction is indicated.
    62 Oil Temperature Circuit (High Temperature)Check wiring associated with Oil temperature switch. Replace switch.
    63Oxygen Sensor Circuit (Open)Check wiring and connections to Oxygen sensor.
    64Oxygen Sensor Circuit (Lean Exhaust)Check wiring and connections from Oxygen sensor to ECM. Check ECM ground terminal and battery ground. Check fuel pressure and fuel pump. Replace Oxygen sensor if all of above OK.
    65Oxygen Sensor Circuit (Rich Exhaust)Check evaporative charcoal canister for fuel fumes. Replace if contaminated. Check oil for presence of fuel. Check fuel pressure regulator, fuel pump, check for leaking injectors, Check for stuck/defective EGR valve, Replace Oxygen sensor if all above OK.
    66Air Conditioner Pressure Limit ExceededCheck the sensor electrical terminal connections and possible short to ground or open circuit in the pressure senor circuit senor wiring. Replace the Air Conditioning Refrigerant sensor.
    67Air Conditioner Pressure Limit ExceededCheck the pressure sensor or air conditioning clutch ciruit for possible short to ground or open circuit pressure sensor circuit in the sensor wiring.Replace the Air Conditioning Refrigerant sensor.
    68Air Conditioner Relay FaultCheck the air conditioning relay circuit and the relay for possible short to ground or open circuit.
    69Air Conditioner Clutch FaultCheck the air conditioning clutch circuit and the relay for possible short to ground or open circuit.
    72Gear Selector Switch Fault (Start Lockout)Check the connections at the TCC solenoid and Park Naeutral switch. Replace the ECM or repair the transmission as needed.
    [Info taking form 1984 thur 1996 Hayness Repair Manual]

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